Chinese investors are turning cautious on Australia as a survey showed the No 2 economy’s state-owned enterprises pulled back on deals for the first time in three years.
Total investment by Chinese buyers Down Under dropped 11 per cent to US$10.3 billion in 2017 from a year earlier, according to a KPMG and University of Sydney report.
While that is part of a global trend after China tightened foreign investment rules and clamped down on capital outflows, the decline also reflects mounting political tensions, the report said.
“Sentiment has currently shifted, with a higher level of apprehension by Chinese investors towards investing in Australia,” said Hans Hendrischke, co-author and professor of Chinese business and management at the University of Sydney. “Seventy per cent of respondents stated that the political debate had made Chinese companies more cautious about investing in Australia.”
Ties have soured since December, when Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull cited reports of Chinese meddling with media, universities and lawmakers as a catalyst for tougher anti-foreign interference laws. Officials in Beijing accused Australia of running an anti-China campaign and exports of wine and meat have reportedly struggled to clear Chinese customs.
At a commercial level, the stakes are high: Australia is the most China-dependent developed economy, with about 36 per cent of total shipments going to the mainland.
The “Demystifying Chinese Investment” report showed investments by Chinese state-owned enterprises, or SOEs, dropped in both number and value for the first time since 2014. The overall decline in the value of investment last year was largely driven by an 89 per cent fall in new infrastructure investment.
On a brighter side, private investment is picking up. Such buyers accounted for 83 per cent of Chinese deal volume and 60 per cent of deal value in 2017, up from 78 per cent and 49 per cent, respectively, in 2016.
Significant growth was also seen in mining – for the first time in several years – and health care. The former’s surge was mainly due to Yancoal Australia’s purchase of Rio Tinto Group’s thermal coal assets.
Other key findings
● Just 35 per cent of surveyed Chinese companies said they felt welcome to invest in Australia, down from 52 per cent in 2014, blaming political tensions
● Overall, Chinese investors find Australia a safer environment than many other countries due to the rule of law, stable market institutions and comprehensive policies
● The Chinese government’s regulatory changes have impacted new investment in Australia, said 77 per cent of respondents
● Tighter currency controls have also made it more difficult for Chinese companies to source finance from China, said 65 per cent of participants
Still, the report found that despite the regulatory hurdles and political tensions, the relationship between China and Australia is deepening and maturing in trade and investment.
“There is a growing familiarity and confidence in the Australian market,” Hendrischke said. “While most Chinese investors retained a level of optimism about their Australian investments, some investors, especially SOEs, are apprehensive due to diplomatic tensions.”