The World Bank raised its economic growth forecasts for developing East Asia and the Pacific for this year and 2018, but added the generally positive outlook was clouded by risks such as rising trade protectionism and geopolitical tensions.

The Washington-based lender now expects the developing East Asia and Pacific region, which includes China, to grow 6.4 per cent in 2017 and 6.2 per cent in 2018.

Its previous forecast in April was for 6.2 per cent growth in 2017 and 6.1 per cent growth in 2018.

Excluding developed economies such as Japan and South Korea, the higher rate is led by China, whose growth projection was revised up 0.2 point to 6.7 per cent, the bank said in its latest East Asia and Pacific Economic Update.

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“The economic outlook for the region remains positive and will benefit from an improved external environment as well as strong domestic demand,” the World Bank said in the report released on Wednesday.

The outlook, however, faces risks from rising trade protectionism and economic nationalism, which could dampen global trade, as well as the possible escalation of geopolitical tensions in the region, the bank said.

Increasingly hostile statements by US President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un in recent weeks have raised fears of a miscalculation that could lead to war, particularly since Pyongyang conducted its sixth and most powerful nuclear test on September 3.

“Because of the region’s central role in global shipping and manufacturing supply chains, escalation of these tensions could disrupt global trade flows and economic activity,” the World Bank said.

That could be accompanied by financial market volatility that would likely hamper economic growth in the region, and there could also be a “flight to safety” that spurs capital outflows, the bank said.

The World Bank said it now expects China’s economy to grow 6.7 per cent in 2017 and 6.4 per cent in 2018. Its previous forecasts were for China to grow 6.5 per cent in 2017 and 6.3 per cent next year.

China’s economic growth is projected to moderate in 2018-19 as the economy rebalances away from investment and external demand towards domestic consumption, the bank said.

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The World Bank cut growth forecasts for several countries in Southeast Asia including Myanmar and the Philippines, while raising forecasts for Malaysia and Thailand.

“Businesses in Myanmar appear to have delayed investments as they wait for the government’s economic agenda to become clearer,” the bank said.

It cut Myanmar’s growth forecasts by 0.5 percentage points for both 2017 and 2018, to 6.4 per cent and 6.7 per cent, respectively.

“These projections do not factor in any longer term impact of the ongoing insecurity in Rakhine state, which if it persists could have significant adverse effects by slowing foreign investment.”

More than half a million Rohingya have fled from a Myanmar military crackdown in Rakhine state launched in late August that has been denounced by the UN as “a textbook example of ethnic cleansing”.

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In the Philippines, a delay in a planned government infrastructure programme has softened the economic growth prospects, the World Bank said.

It added that Malaysia’s growth is gaining a lift from higher investment and a recovery in global trade, while Thailand’s growth forecasts have been revised higher due to a stronger recovery in exports and tourism.

Additional reporting by Kyodo

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